Individuals or families with children may be homeless for a variety of reasons. The most obvious is the lack of housing, particularly affordable housing. Conditions in the current housing market are having a substantial negative impact on families living on limited or fixed incomes. Low-income renters are increasingly facing evictions or extreme rent increases. Over the years, gentrification in many urban areas has created a paradigm of rental unit conversions to condominium ownership, forcing many long-time tenants out of their homes.
Various complex conditions and circumstances may also exist that create barriers to permanent housing which might include mental illness, addiction, disability, or a history of violence. When trauma is experienced, the executive functioning needed to plan, problem solve, and prioritize is often interrupted.